International Journal of Dermoscopy

Register      Login

Table of Content

2017 | May-August | Volume 1 | Issue 1

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Samipa S Mukherjee, Subarata Malakar

Editorial

[Year:2017] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:1]

   DOI: 10.5005/ijdy-1-1-iv  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

REVIEW ARTICLE

Bhabani Singh, Bikash Ranjan Kar

Dermoscopic Approach to Nonscarring Alopecia

[Year:2017] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:1 - 5]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10061-0001  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Singh B, Kar BR. Dermoscopic Approach to Nonscarring Alopecia. Int J Dermoscop 2017;1(1):1-5.

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Manas Chatterjee, Shekhar Neema

Dermoscopic Characteristics of Melasma in Indians: A Cross-sectional Study

[Year:2017] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:6 - 10]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10061-0002  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

The aim of this study was to assess the various dermoscopic features of melasma in Indian population.

Materials and methods

A total of 100 cases of clinically diagnosed melasma and 50 controls without melasma or any other facial pigmentation were studied dermoscopically at a tertiary care center in Eastern India. The various described relevant patterns of pigmentation on dermoscopy were recorded. Similar patterns were also looked for in the control population and the two compared. Statistical analysis was done with Fisher's exact test and a p-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results

Cases consisted of 75 females and 25 males with an average age of 36 years as against an average age of 35 years for controls. Of the various patterns of pigmentation, reticuloglobular pigmentation was statistically significant in association with melasma (p < 0.0001). The unpatterned patchy brown black pigment was also significantly associated with melasma as compared to controls (p - 0.0346). A granular pigmentary pattern was also shown to be significantly associated with a diagnosis of melasma (p - 0.0123). Telangiectasia was seen more frequently in patients as compared to controls (p - 0.0327). Perifollicular brown black globules were not significantly correlated with a diagnosis of melasma. More than one pattern was present in a number of patients.

Conclusion

Dermoscopy of melasma can be used for diagnosis, prognosis, and response or adverse effect of therapy.

Study limitations

Lack of direct correlation with histopathology and inclusion of therapy naïve as well as patients on therapy were major limitations of this study.

How to cite this article

Neema S, Chatterjee M. Dermoscopic Characteristics of Melasma in Indians: A Cross-sectional Study. Int J Dermoscop 2017;1(1):6-10.

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Manas Chatterjee, Shekhar Neema, Dipali Rathod, Meena Bhaskar Makhecha, Tishya Singh

A Cross-sectional Descriptive Study of Dermoscopy in various Nail Diseases at a Tertiary Care Center

[Year:2017] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:9] [Pages No:11 - 19]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10061-0003  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

Nail diseases may often possess a challenge for the treating dermatologist, as they may primarily be affected without any skin involvement and sometimes may present with subtle changes which can be easily missed by the naked eye. The macroscopic nail changes can be assessed very well with a naked eye, however, the important minutiae may be assessed with a dermoscope.

Aim

To study the characteristic dermoscopic findings in various nail diseases.

Materials and methods

A total of 250 patients (males-130, females-120) with clinically evident nail diseases were enrolled in this cross-sectional descriptive study. After a thorough clinical examination, patients were subjected to dermoscopic examination of all 20 nails. Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test (in a very few patients of nail diseases) were used for statistical analysis, with a significance threshold of p < 0.05.

Results

Nail psoriasis (n = 45) was the commonest nail disease found in which the most common dermoscopic feature was circular punctate depressions (64.5%). Onychomycosis (n = 40) was the next common disease in which yellowish discoloration (100%) was commonly seen in all patients and rough scaly surface (100%) in the total dystrophic type. In pitted keratolysis (n = 19) transverse brown bands (57.9%) were most commonly seen as was the case in eczemas. Lichen planus (n = 14) was associated with longitudinal fissuring (64.3%) most commonly. Trachyonychia (n = 5) was associated with longitudinal fissuring (100%) in all cases. The most common dermoscopic feature of alopecia areata (n = 4) was circular punctate depressions (75%). Systemic scleroderma (n = 4) typically showed giant capillaries (75%) as the most common feature.

Conclusion

A meticulous search with the dermoscope, furnishes minuscule details of the nail unit that can be diagnostic of several nail diseases at an early stage before dystrophy sets in. However, further studies are required to validate these findings.

Clinical significance

Dermoscopy is a noninvasive complementary tool which aids in diagnosis of nail diseases more quickly and can also be used for monitoring the evolution, therapeutic response, and prognosis of these diseases.

How to cite this article

Rathod D, Makhecha MB, Chatterjee M, Singh T, Neema S. A Cross-sectional Descriptive Study of Dermoscopy in various Nail Diseases at a Tertiary Care Center. Int J Dermoscop 2017;1(1):11-19.

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

BS Chandrashekar, C Madura, Neelima Ravipati

Clinical and Trichoscopic Correlation of Scalp in Patients Who had undergone Hair Transplantation

[Year:2017] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:6] [Pages No:20 - 25]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10061-0004  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Madura C, Ravipati N, Chandrashekar BS. Clinical and Trichoscopic Correlation of Scalp in Patients Who had undergone Hair Transplantation. Int J Dermoscop 2017;1(1):20-25.

CASE REPORT

BS Chandrashekar, Samipa S Mukherjee

“Cluster of Stars” Appearance: A New Scalp Dermoscopic Finding

[Year:2017] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:2] [Pages No:26 - 27]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10061-0005  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Mukherjee SS, Chandrashekar BS. “Cluster of Stars” Appearance: A New Scalp Dermoscopic Finding. Int J Dermoscop 2017;1(1):26-27.

CASE REPORT

Ankit H Bharti, Uday S Khopkar

Dermoscopy of Poikilodermatous Mycosis Fungoides in Pigmented Skin

[Year:2017] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:28 - 31]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10061-0006  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Bharti AH, Khopkar US. Dermoscopy of Poikilodermatous Mycosis Fungoides in Pigmented Skin. Int J Dermoscop 2017;1(1):28-31.

CASE REPORT

Aseem Sharma, Smita Ghate, Tejas Vishwanath, Sandip Agrawal, Deepti Shukla, Rachita Dhurat

Utility of Dermoscopy in Diagnosing Reticular Variant of Lichen Planus Pigmentosus

[Year:2017] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:32 - 34]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10061-0007  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Vishwanath T, Agrawal S, Shukla D, Dhurat R, Sharma A, Ghate S. Utility of Dermoscopy in Diagnosing Reticular Variant of Lichen Planus Pigmentosus. Int J Dermoscop 2017;1(1):32-34.

CASE REPORT

Aseem Sharma, Tejas Vishwanath, Sandip Agrawal, Deepti Shukla, Rachita Dhurat

A Case of Alopecia Areata Mimicking Trichotillomania

[Year:2017] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:35 - 37]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10061-0008  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Shukla D, Vishwanath T, Agrawal S, Dhurat R, Sharma A. A Case of Alopecia Areata Mimicking Trichotillomania. Int J Dermoscop 2017;1(1):35-37.

TRICHOSCOPIC GEM

Subrata Malakar, Purva Mehta

Trichoscope as a Monitoring Tool for Therapeutic Efficacy in Lichen Planopilaris

[Year:2017] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:2] [Pages No:38 - 39]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10061-0009  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Mehta P, Malakar S. Trichoscope as a Monitoring Tool for Therapeutic Efficacy in Lichen Planopilaris. Int J Dermoscop 2017;1(1):38-39.

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.